Rotation invariant hand-drawn symbol recognition based on a dynamic time warping model

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One of the major difficulties of handwriting symbol recognition is the high variability among symbols because of the different writer styles. In this paper, we introduce a robust approach for describing and recognizing hand-drawn symbols tolerant to these writer style differences. This method, which is invariant to scale and rotation, is based on the dynamic time warping (DTW) algorithm. The symbols are described by vector sequences, a variation of the DTW distance is used for computing the matching distance, and K-Nearest Neighbor is used to classify them. Our approach has been evaluated in two benchmarking scenarios consisting of hand-drawn symbols. Compared with state-of-the-art methods for symbol recognition, our method shows higher tolerance to the irregular deformations induced by hand-drawn strokes. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-241
JournalInternational Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2010


  • Document analysis
  • Graphics recognition
  • Handwriting recognition
  • Sequence alignment
  • Symbol recognition


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