Room-temperature synthesis of three-dimensional porous ZnO@CuNi hybrid magnetic layers with photoluminescent and photocatalytic properties

Miguel Guerrero, Jin Zhang, Ainhoa Altube, Eva García-Lecina, Mònica Roldan, Maria Dolors Baró, Eva Pellicer, Jordi Sort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 The Author(s). A facile synthetic approach to prepare porous ZnO@CuNi hybrid films is presented. Initially, magnetic CuNi porous layers (consisting of phase separated CuNi alloys) are successfully grown by electrodeposition at different current densities using H 2 bubbles as a dynamic template to generate the porosity. The porous CuNi alloys serve as parent scaffolds to be subsequently filled with a solution containing ZnO nanoparticles previously synthesized by sol-gel. The dispersed nanoparticles are deposited dropwise onto the CuNi frameworks and the solvent is left to evaporate while the nanoparticles impregnate the interior of the pores, rendering ZnO-coated CuNi 3D porous structures. No thermal annealing is required to obtain the porous films. The synthesized hybrid porous layers exhibit an interesting combination of tunable ferromagnetic and photoluminescent properties. In addition, the aqueous photocatalytic activity of the composite is studied under UV−visible light irradiation for the degradation of Rhodamine B. The proposed method represents a fast and inexpensive approach towards the implementation of devices based on metal-semiconductor porous systems, avoiding the use of post-synthesis heat treatment steps which could cause deleterious oxidation of the metallic counterpart, as well as collapse of the porous structure and loss of the ferromagnetic properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-187
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • CuNi alloy
  • Ferromagnetism
  • Photoluminescence
  • Porous nanocomposite
  • ZnO nanoparticles

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