© 2019 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Although the relationship between Acinetobacter baumannii efflux pumps and antimicrobial resistance is well documented, less is known about the involvement of these proteins in the pathogenicity of this nosocomial pathogen. In previous work, we identified the AbaQ major facilitator superfamily (MFS) efflux pump and demonstrated its participation in the motility and virulence of A. baumannii. In the present study, we examined the role in these processes of A. baumannii transporters belonging to different superfamilies of efflux pumps. Genes encoding known or putative permeases belonging to efflux pump superfamilies other than the MFS were selected, and the corresponding knockouts were constructed. The antimicrobial susceptibilities of these mutants were consistent with previously reported data. In mutants of A. baumannii strain ATCC 17978 carrying inactivated genes encoding the efflux pumps A1S_2736 (resistance nodulation division [RND]), A1S_3371 (multidrug and toxic compound extrusion [MATE]), and A1S_0710 (small multidrug resistance [SMR]), as well as the newly described ATP-binding cassette (ABC) permeases A1S_1242 and A1S_2622, both surface-associated motility and virulence were reduced compared to the parental strain. However, inactivation of the genes encoding the known ABC permeases A1S_0536 and A1S_1535, the newly identified putative ABC permeases A1S_0027 and A1S_1057, or the proteobacterial antimicrobial compound efflux (PACE) transporters A1S_1503 and A1S_2063 had no effects on bacterial motility or virulence. Our results demonstrate the involvement of antimicrobial transporters belonging at least to five of the six known efflux pump superfamilies in both surface-associated motility and virulence in A. baumannii ATCC 17978.
- Efflux pumps