Patients coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are less responsive to anti-HCV therapies and are at a higher risk of toxicity than HCV monoinfected patients. HCV viral kinetics is the basis for the study of response to interferon-based therapy and for predicting sustained virological response (SVR). A lack of early virological response (EVR; undetectable HCV RNA or a decrease of ≥2 log10 from baseline) after 12 weeks of pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) is an equally reliable predictor of lack of SVR in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients and in the monoinfected HCV population. Early stopping rules are particularly important in coinfected HIV/HCV patients, considering their low chances of response in the more difficult-to-treat HCV genotypes 1 and 4 (<30%). Several factors have been involved in this low efficacy, including higher baseline HCV viraemia, slower viral kinetics decay under interferon pressure and a defective immune substratum. A better understanding of HCV viral kinetics under HCV therapy may be the basis for assaying different peg-IFN plus RBV schedules, such as induction or extending strategies, and may help physicians to make tailored decisions for the management of their patients. © The Author 2005. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2005|
- Early virological response
- HCV kinetics
- peg-IFN efficacy