Role of somatostatin in the acute immobilization stress-induced GH decrease in rat

A. Benyassi, A. Gavaldà, A. Armario, S. Arancibia

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    Abstract

    In the present work we have investigated to what extent somatostatin (SRIF) release from median eminence (ME) is affected by stress immobilization (IMO) in unanesthetized rats stereotaxically implanted with a push-pull cannula (PPC). One week after implantation, the ME was perfused with artificial cerebrospinal fluid for 1 hour in basal, stress and recovery conditions respectively. Samples were collected every 15 min and SRIF was measured by RIA. In another group of animals, a jugular cannula was inserted the day before and plasma samples were taken off simultaneously with the ME perfusate for GH and SRIF analysis respectively. SRIF release from the ME is rapidly (15 min) and significantly increased (58 ± 11 vs 28 ± 5 pg/15 min; n=7; P < 0.01) in rats bearing only PPC. Intriguingly, animals bearing a jugular catheter plus a PPC showed no increase in SRIF release during the first 15 min of IMO in spite of a striking decrease of plasma GH (27.2 ± 3.8 vs 3.6 ± 1.3 ng/ml; n=6; P < 0.001) observed at this time. However, in spite that the animals responded with a significant increase in SRIF, the response was later and more reduced than in animals without jugular cannula. Since our two rat groups -as result of jugular cannula surgery 24 hours before- showed differences such as a food intake, body weight gain, plasma GH levels and basal SRIF release, we think that these differences could explain the modifications in the regulatory mechanisms involved in GH control under acute stress. © 1992.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)361-370
    JournalLife Sciences
    Volume52
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

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