Role of quenching on alpha/beta separation in liquid scintillation counting for several high capacity cocktails

Lluís Pujol, Joan Albert Sanchez-Cabeza

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The optimization of alpha/beta separation in liquid scintillation using pulse shape analysis is convenient for the simultaneous determination of alpha and beta emitters in natural water and other samples. In this work, alpha/beta separation was studied for different scintillant/vial combinations and it was observed that both the optimum pulse shape discrimination level and the total interference value (that is, the summed relative interference between alpha and beta spectral were dependent on the sample quenching and independent of the scintillant/vial combination. These results provide a simple method for modifying the counting configuration, such as a change in the cocktail, vial or sample characteristics, without the need to perform exhaustive parameter optimizations. Also, it was observed that, for our counting conditions, the combination of Ultima Gold AB scintillation cocktail with Zinsser low diffusion vials presented the lowest total interference, namely 0.94 ± 0.28%, which is insignificant for the counting of environmental samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-385
JournalThe Analyst
Volume122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1997

Keywords

  • Alpha/beta separation
  • Environmental radioactivity
  • Liquid scintillation counting
  • Natural water

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