The role of calcium in the modulation of spontaneous [3H]acetylcholine ([3H]ACh) efflux through presynaptic D2 dopamine hetero-receptors was investigated in rat striatal synaptosomes. The kinetic studies of [3H]ACh efflux in the presence or absence of Ca2+ were carried out in nonstimulating conditions. When Ca2+ was omitted from the superfusion medium, a notable and significant (P<0.001) decrease of tritium efflux (39%) was obtained. While [3H]ACh efflux was insensitive to tetrodotoxin (TTX) 1 μM, cadmium (10 μM), a nonselective antagonist of calcium channels, significantly reduced the tritium efflux by 24% (P<0.001), while the l-type calcium antagonist, nifedipine, (30 μM) inhibited the tritium efflux by only 10% (P<0.02). 2-(4-Fenylpiperidine)cyclohexanol (vesamicol), an inhibitor of the vesicular [3H]ACh carrier, significantly depressed the spontaneous tritium efflux in the presence of Ca2+ (60%; P<0.001) and in a low-calcium medium (20%; P<0.001). Although 1 μM of 7-hydroxy-N,N-di-n-propyl-2- aminotetraline (7-OH-DPAT) inhibited spontaneous [3H]ACh efflux in the presence of calcium, this dopaminergic agonist did not modify the neurotransmitter release in either the low-Ca2+ medium or in the presence of vesamicol. These results suggest that the spontaneous [3H]ACh efflux is a process involving a Ca2+-dependent component (39%), sensitive to calcium channel-blockers and vesamicol, in rat striatal synaptosomes. In addition, activation of the D2 dopamine hetero-receptor only modulates the calcium- dependent component of spontaneous [3H]ACh efflux. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Publication status||Published - 31 Jan 2000|
- 7-OH- DPAT
- Presynaptic D dopamine receptor 2
- Spontaneous [ H]ACh efflux 3