Risk factors, clinical presentation and prognosis of mixed candidaemia: a population-based surveillance in Spain

Antonio Ramos, Yolanda Romero, Isabel Sánchez-Romero, Jesús Fortún, José Ramón Paño, Javier Pemán, Mercè Gurguí, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño, Belén Padilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH The low incidence of mixed candidaemia (MC) may have precluded a better knowledge of its clinical presentation. The aim of the study was to analyse the risk factors, clinical presentation and prognosis of MC episodes. A comparison between MC and monomicrobial candidaemia within a prospective programme on candidaemia was performed in 29 hospitals between April 2010 and May 2011. In fifteen episodes of candidaemia corresponding to 15 patients, out of 752, two species of Candida (1.9%) were isolated. MC was more frequent in patients with HIV infection (12%, P = 0.038) and those admitted due to extensive burns (23%, P = 0.012). The Candida species most frequently identified in MC were C. albicans 12 patients (40%), C. glabrata seven patients (23.3%) and C. parapsilosis six patients (20%). Early mortality was higher (nine patients, 60%) in patients with MC than in patients with MMC (223 patients, 30.3%, P = 0.046). In conclusion, MC was was independently associated with increased mortality even after considering other prognostic factors. MC is an infrequent event that is more common in HIV infection and in patients suffering from burns, and is associated with increased mortality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-643
JournalMycoses
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • burns
  • Candida krusei
  • Candidaemia
  • central venous catheters
  • HIV
  • mortality

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