Risk assessment and segregation analysis in a pericentric inversion inv(6)(p23q25) carrier using FISH on decondensed sperm nuclei

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Abstract

Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) in decondensed sperm nuclei has been used to determine the percentage of normal/balanced or unbalanced spermatozoa produced by an inv(6)(p23q25) carrier, and the possible interchromosomal effect (ICE) of the reorganized chromosomes on other chromosome pairs. A dual color FISH with specific subtelomeric probes for the 6p and 6q regions was performed to determine the segregation pattern of the inverted chromosome. ICE on chromosomes 18, X and Y was assessed using a triple color FISH assay. In the segregation analysis 10,049 spermatozoa were analyzed, and only 45.7% of them were normal/balanced. The high number of unbalanced gametes in our carrier could be the consequence of the large size of the inverted segment. This situation could facilitate the formation of an inversion loop, where formation of an odd number of chiasmata (usually one) result in the production of 50% normal and 50% unbalanced sperm. Furthermore, an increase in the disomy rate for chromosome 6 was also observed. In the screening for ICE, 10,007 spermatozoa were analyzed. The disomy rate for the sex chromosomes and chromosome 18 were not significantly different from those found in our controls, suggesting no evidence of interchromosomal effects in this patient. The use of FISH in decondensed sperm nuclei has proved once more to be an accurate approach to determine the chromosome anomalies in sperm and could help to better establish a reproductive prognosis. Copyright © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-154
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2002

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