Rice straw incorporation affects global warming potential differently in early vs. late cropping seasons in Southeastern China

Weiqi Wang, Derrick Y.F. Lai, Jordi Sardans, Chun Wang, Arindam Datta, Ting Pan, Congsheng Zeng, Mireia Bartrons, Josep Peñuelas

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    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Paddy fields are a major global anthropogenic source of methane (CH<inf>4</inf>) and nitrous oxide (N<inf>2</inf>O), which are very potent greenhouse gases. China has the second largest area under rice cultivation, so developing valid and reliable methods for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases while sustaining crop productivity in paddy fields is of paramount importance. We examined the effects of applying straw, a residual product of rice cultivation containing high amounts of carbon and nutrients, to rice crops during both an early crop season (5 April - 25 July 2012) and a late crop season (1 August - 6 November 2012) on CH<inf>4</inf> and N<inf>2</inf>O emissions in a subtropical paddy field in southeastern China. CH<inf>4</inf> fluxes had two seasonal peaks, on 5 May and 28 June, in the early crop but only one peak, on 13 August, in the late crop, which could be attributed to the lower temperatures after the final tillering stage in the late crop. Straw application significantly increased mean CH<inf>4</inf> cumulative production (gm<sup>-2</sup>) relative to the control in the late crop (37.3 vs. 8.34mgm<sup>-2</sup>, P<0.05) but not in the early crop (0.83 vs. 01.13mgm<sup>-2</sup>, P > 0.05). The application of straw significantly increased N<inf>2</inf>O cumulative production relative to the control in the late crop (75.9 vs. 43.4μgm<sup>-2</sup>h<sup>-1</sup>) but decreased N<inf>2</inf>O cumulative production by over 43% in the early crop (15.60 vs. 27.27μgm<sup>-2</sup>h<sup>-1</sup>) (P<0.05). Straw application increased rice yield by 9.63% and 12.58% in early and late crop respectively. Straw incorporation decreased global warming potential in the early season, but increased it in the late season. Thus, despite straw application enhances emissions of greenhouse gases in some situations, its application in the adequate season (here early crop) may be an effective soil amendment that can increase soil fertility without enhancing or even mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and thus climate change.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)42-51
    JournalField Crops Research
    Volume181
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

    Keywords

    • CH&lt;inf&gt;4&lt;/inf&gt; flux
    • N&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;O flux
    • Rice paddy
    • Seasonal variation
    • Straw application

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  • Cite this

    Wang, W., Lai, D. Y. F., Sardans, J., Wang, C., Datta, A., Pan, T., Zeng, C., Bartrons, M., & Peñuelas, J. (2015). Rice straw incorporation affects global warming potential differently in early vs. late cropping seasons in Southeastern China. Field Crops Research, 181, 42-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2015.07.007