Rice bran enzymatic extract restores endothelial function and vascular contractility in obese rats by reducing vascular inflammation and oxidative stress

Maria Luisa Justo, Manila Candiracci, Ana Paula Dantas, Maria Alvarez de Sotomayor, Juan Parrado, Elisabet Vila, Maria Dolores Herrera, Rosalia Rodriguez-Rodriguez

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Rice bran enzymatic extract (RBEE) used in this study has shown beneficial activities against dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia and hypertension. Our aim was to investigate the effects of a diet supplemented with RBEE in vascular impairment developed in obese Zucker rats and to evaluate the main mechanisms mediating this action. Methods and results: Obese Zucker rats were fed a 1% and 5% RBEE-supplemented diet (O1% and O5%). Obese and their lean littermates fed a standard diet were used as controls (OC and LC, respectively). Vascular function was evaluated in aortic rings in organ baths. The role of nitric oxide (NO) was investigated by using NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors. Aortic expression of endothelial NOS (eNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunits and superoxide production in arterial wall were determined. Endothelial dysfunction and vascular hyperreactivity to phenylephrine in obese rats were ameliorated by RBEE treatment, particularly with 1% RBEE. Up-regulation of eNOS protein expression in RBEE-treated aortas should contribute to this activity. RBEE attenuated vascular inflammation by reducing aortic iNOS and TNF-α expression. Aortas from RBEE-treated groups showed a significant decrease of superoxide production and down-regulation of NADPH oxidase subunits. Conclusion: RBEE treatment restored endothelial function and vascular contractility in obese Zucker rats through a reduction of vascular inflammation and oxidative stress. These results show the nutraceutical potential of RBEE to prevent obesity-related vascular complications. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1453-1461
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Rice bran
  • Vascular dysfunction
  • Vascular inflammation
  • Vascular oxidative stress

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