Reusability of the usually expensive immobilization supports by means of reversible immobilization techniques helps reduce the overall cost of the biocatalytic process. One of these techniques, the reversible binding of the histidine residues of proteins with the metal chelated in affinity supports, has been extensively exploited in purification of His-tagged proteins in one-step. The use of these supports for immobilization of His-tagged recombinant enzymes allows performing simultaneously the enzyme purification and immobilization, thus further reducing the number of process steps, enzyme losses and costs. In this work, His-tagged rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase (RhuA) was immobilized onto iminodiacetic acid-functionalized agarose charged with cobalt (Co-IDA) for the catalysis of aldol addition reactions of industrial interest. Enzyme loading was optimized to maximize the immobilized activity avoiding diffusion limitations for both the RhuA natural reaction and the synthetic aldol addition between dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and (S)-Cbz-alaninal (10 AU/mL of support and 25 AU/mL of support, respectively). RhuA:Co-IDA biocatalysts with high retained activity (92%) and enhanced stability (37 days of half life time) were obtained. Kinetic modeling of the synthetic aldol addition between DHAP and (S)-Cbz-alaninal and the unwanted secondary reaction catalyzed by soluble RhuA was carried out. RhuA:Co-IDA catalysis of the same reactions was found to follow the same kinetic model. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
- Aldol addition biocatalysis
- Enzyme biocatalysis
- Immobilized enzymes
- Rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase