High temperatures have negative effects on sperm quality leading to temporary or permanent sterility. The study tried to confirm the harmful effects of high temperatures on epididymal sperm cells in comparison with other temperatures (scrotal, environmental, and refrigeration temperatures), the main objective was the assessment of the addition of retinol as an antioxidant agent to improve sperm quality parameters. Testes from 10 bulls were collected from a slaughterhouse. Sperm cells were flushed from the cauda epididymis and deferent duct and assessed for sperm quality parameters at recovery. Afterward, sperm cell samples were exposed to one of four different temperatures (4 °C, 22 °C, 32 °C, and 41.5 °C for 3 hours) in presence or absence of retinol in the storage extender. Percentages of viability and morphologic abnormalities were determined using eosin-nigrosin staining. Acrosome integrity and sperm plasma membrane integrity were assessed by fluorescence Pisum sativum agglutinin lectin (FITC-PSA) staining and the hypo-osmotic swelling test, respectively. Total and progressive motility were analyzed by computer-assisted sperm analysis. Sperm quality parameters were mainly affected by high temperatures (41.5 °C). The addition of all-trans-retinol to the storage extender did not show any effect on sperm quality parameters. However, the percentage of sperm cells with altered acrosome was significantly reduced when retinol was present in the extender under heat stress conditions (41.5 °C). In conclusion, retinol might stabilize sperm acrosomal membrane in situations of oxidative stress because of high temperatures. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2013|
- Epididymal sperm cells
- Heat stress