Objective: To evaluate a multidisciplinary and multifocal intervention in order to reduce catheter related bloodstream infections (CRBI), based on previously identified risk factors in non-critical patients. Methods: A pre-post-intervention study, 2004-2006. Population: patients with a central venous catheter (CVC). The primary endpoint was the CRBI. Other studied variables were patient characteristics, insertion, maintenance and removal of the catheter. The intervention consisted of baseline knowledge and identifing risk factors. In a second period, there was specific training on these identified risk factors and communication of the results, monitoring and evaluation of the CVC inserted. Results: We analysed 175 and 200 CVC, respectively. The incidence of CRBI was 15.4% during the pre-intervention and 4.0% in the post-intervention period (P < .001). The incidence of BRC by CVC days in the first group was 8.8 infections 1.000 days of CVC and the second 2,3 (P = .0009). The multivariate analysis found an increased risk of CRBI during the first period (OR 4.32; 95% CI: 1.81-10.29) and the use of total parenteral nutrition (OR: 2.37; 95% CI: 1.10-5. 12). Conclusion: The application of specific measures directed at all non-critical patients in the entire hospital and involving a large number of professionals has achieved a decrease incidence of 73.9% of CRBI. An acceptable incidence of CRBI was obtained, and, with the completion of the project together with a new awareness, the situation will continue to improve.
|Translated title of the contribution||Results of a multidisciplinary and multifocal project to reduce bacteraemia caused by central venous catheters in non critical patients in a university hospital|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2011|