Results of a laparoscopic approach for the treatment of acute small bowel obstruction due to adhesions and internal hernias

Ignasi Poves, Enric Sebastián Valverde, Sònia Puig Companyó, Dimitri Dorcaratto, Estela Membrilla, María José Pons, Luís Grande

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Laparotomy is the standard approach for the surgical treatment of acute small bowel obstruction (ASBO). Patients and methods: From February 2007 to May 2012 we prospectively recorded all patients operated by laparoscopy in our hospital because of ASBO due to adhesions (27 cases) and/or internal hernia (6 cases). A preoperative abdominal CT was performed in all cases. Patients suffering from peritonitis and/or sepsis were excluded from the laparoscopic approach. It was decided to convert to laparotomy if intestinal resection was required. Results: The mean age of the 33 patients who underwent surgery was 61.1. ±. 17.6 years. 64% had previous history of abdominal surgery. 72% of the cases were operated by surgeons highly skilled in laparoscopy. Conversion rate was 21%. Operative time and postoperative length of stay were 83. ±. 44. min. and 7.8. ±. 11.2 days, respectively. Operative time (72. ±. 30 vs 123. ±. 63. min.), tolerance to oral intake (1.8. ±. 0.9 vs 5.7. ±. 3.3 days) and length of postoperative stay (4.7. ±. 2.5 vs 19.4. ±. 21 days) were significantly lower in the laparoscopy group compared with the conversion group, although converted patients had greater clinical severity (2 bowel resections). There were two severe complications (Clavien-Dindo III and V) in the conversion group. Conclusions: In selected cases of ASBO caused by adhesions and internal hernias and when performed by surgeons highly skilled in laparoscopy, a laparoscopic approach has a high probability of success (low conversion rate, short hospital length of stay and low morbidity); its use would be fully justified in these cases. © 2012 AEC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-340
JournalCirugia Espanola
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Adhesiolysis
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Laparoscopy
  • Postoperative adhesions
  • Surgery induced tissue adhesions

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