Introduction: Laparotomy is the standard approach for the surgical treatment of acute small bowel obstruction (ASBO). Patients and methods: From February 2007 to May 2012 we prospectively recorded all patients operated by laparoscopy in our hospital because of ASBO due to adhesions (27 cases) and/or internal hernia (6 cases). A preoperative abdominal CT was performed in all cases. Patients suffering from peritonitis and/or sepsis were excluded from the laparoscopic approach. It was decided to convert to laparotomy if intestinal resection was required. Results: The mean age of the 33 patients who underwent surgery was 61.1. ±. 17.6 years. 64% had previous history of abdominal surgery. 72% of the cases were operated by surgeons highly skilled in laparoscopy. Conversion rate was 21%. Operative time and postoperative length of stay were 83. ±. 44. min. and 7.8. ±. 11.2 days, respectively. Operative time (72. ±. 30 vs 123. ±. 63. min.), tolerance to oral intake (1.8. ±. 0.9 vs 5.7. ±. 3.3 days) and length of postoperative stay (4.7. ±. 2.5 vs 19.4. ±. 21 days) were significantly lower in the laparoscopy group compared with the conversion group, although converted patients had greater clinical severity (2 bowel resections). There were two severe complications (Clavien-Dindo III and V) in the conversion group. Conclusions: In selected cases of ASBO caused by adhesions and internal hernias and when performed by surgeons highly skilled in laparoscopy, a laparoscopic approach has a high probability of success (low conversion rate, short hospital length of stay and low morbidity); its use would be fully justified in these cases. © 2012 AEC.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|
- Intestinal obstruction
- Postoperative adhesions
- Surgery induced tissue adhesions