Response Variability to Drug Testing in Two Models of Chemically Induced Colitis

Patri Vergara, Roger Suau, Anna Garcia, Carla Bernal, Mariona Llaves, Katharina Schiering, Eva Jou-Ollé, Alex Pertegaz, Arce Garcia-Jaraquemada, Ramon Bartolí, Violeta Lorén, Míriam Mañosa i Ciria, Eugeni Domènech, Josep Manyé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The lack of knowledge regarding the pathogenesis of IBD is a challenge for the development of more effective and safer therapies. Although in vivo preclinical approaches are critical for drug testing, none of the existing models accurately reproduce human IBD. Factors that influence the intra-individual response to drugs have barely been described. With this in mind, our aim was to compare the anti-inflammatory efficacy of a new molecule (MTADV) to that of corticosteroids in TNBS and DSS-induced colitis mice of both sexes in order to clarify further the response mechanism involved and the variability between sexes. The drugs were administered preventively and therapeutically, and real-time bioluminescence was performed for the in vivo time-course colitis monitoring. Morphometric data were also collected, and colonic cytokines and acute plasma phase proteins were analyzed by qRT-PCR and ELISA, respectively-bioluminescence images correlated with inflammatory markers. In the TNBS model, dexamethasone worked better in females, while MTADV improved inflammation in males. In DSS-colitis, both therapies worked similarly. Based on the molecular profiles, interaction networks were constructed to pinpoint the drivers of therapeutic response that were highly dependent on the sex. In conclusion, our results suggest the importance of considering sex in IBD preclinical drug screening.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6424
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • TNBS-induced colitis
  • DSS-induced colitis
  • Bioluminescence
  • Sex
  • Inflammation

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