Reproduction, energy storage and metabolic requirements in a mesophotic population of the gorgonian Paramuricea macrospina

Jordi Grinyó, Núria Viladrich, David Díaz, Anabel Muñoz, Sandra Mallol, Janire Salazar, Raquel Castillo, Josep Maria Gili, Andrea Gori

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    © 2018 Grinyó et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This study examined the sexual reproductive cycle, energy storage and metabolic requirements of a Mediterranean gorgonian in a mesophotic ecosystem (~70 m depth). Paramuricea macrospina resulted to be a gonochoric internal brooding species with a 1:1 population sex ratio. Oogenesis lasted ~12–14 months, whereas spermatogenesis was significantly shorter, only lasting 6 months. Fertilization occurred during late summer (August) and larval release occurred during autumn (September–October). The organic matter and total lipid content showed a slight seasonal variability. Stable isotopic composition remained constant throughout the year, reflecting a general stability in gorgonian food sources. Conversely, the free fatty acid composition varied seasonally, reflecting changes in P. macrospina energetic demands probably related to gametogenesis and larval brooding. The reproductive ecology and biochemical composition of P. macrospina significantly differ from shallow coastal gorgonian species, reflecting the higher environmental stability of deeper environments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0203308
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


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