Repeatability of low scan rate cyclic voltammetry in bioelectrochemical systems and effects on their performance

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Abstract

Background: Cyclic voltammetry (CV) has become a standard tool in the study of bioelectrochemical systems (BES) because it is a nondestructive technique that provides useful information on the electron transfer capacity of these systems. When applied to the large-surface electrodes typically found in BES, the scan rate must be severely diminished or otherwise the capacitive current masks the faradaic current. Decreasing the scan rate results in an increase in the duration of the experiments, which can lead to a significant alteration of the initial system conditions. Results: The repeatability of low scan rate cyclic voltammetry (LSCV) in air cathode microbial fuel cells (AC-MFCs) operating in batch mode was examined. Consecutive LSCVs at 0.1 mV s−1 were recorded with and without prior renewal of the culture medium. Significant deviations in CV replicates were observed when the medium was not replaced (as high as 40% of maximum intensity). These deviations decreased (<18%) when the medium was refreshed, indicating that significant changes in the culture medium composition occurred during LSCVs. Additional electrochemical tests showed that the peak in the forward scan was probably the result of an accumulation of charge in the anodic system. Conclusion: LSCV can affect the response of AC-MFCs working in batch mode and cast doubt on the repeatability of these experiments, observing differences as high as 40% in maximum intensity. Renewing the culture medium is recommended to improve the repeatability of LSCV replicates.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1533-1541
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume95
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • bioelectrochemical system
  • cofactor
  • cyclic voltammetry
  • mediator
  • microbial fuel cell
  • ANODE BIOFILMS
  • AIR-CATHODE
  • REMEDIATION
  • TRANSPORT
  • ELECTRICITY-GENERATION
  • HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION
  • EXTRACELLULAR ELECTRON-TRANSFER
  • MICROBIAL FUEL-CELLS
  • NANOWIRES
  • ELECTROCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION

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