A novel rigid and renewable transducing material for electrochemical immunosensing, based on Protein A bulk-modified graphite-epoxy biocomposite (ProtA-GEB) is reported. Protein A is able to bind to the Fc region of antibodies and provide an affinity matrix for antibody immobilisation onto the transducer. The rigid conducting biocomposite acts not only as a transducer, but also as a reservoir for protein A. After use, the electrode surface can be renewed by a simple polishing procedure, highlighting a clear advantage of this new approach with respect to classical immunoassays. The performance of ProtA-GEB transducers was compared with surface-modified transducers based on a simple dry adsorption procedure, where both Protein A and directly the antibody were adsorbed onto the surface of graphite-epoxy composite (ProtA/GEC and IgG/GEC, respectively). The application of the new biocomposite material in electrochemical immunosensing was studied using a model competitive immunoassay. The immunological reaction was detected using an enzymatic-labeling procedure together with the amperometric detection through a suitable substrate (H 2O2) for the enzyme (HRP). The enzymatic labelling was performed using a two-step procedure based on the biotin/streptavidin interaction as well as a one-step procedure using an antibody labelled with the enzyme. Electrochemical and microscopic characterisation of ProtA-GEB transducer, optimisation of the immunosensor design as well as the stability of this material are also reported. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Electrochemical immunosensor
- Enzyme label
- Graphite-epoxy composite
- Protein A
Zacco, E., Pividori, M. I., Llopis, X., Del Valle, M., & Alegret, S. (2004). Renewable Protein A modified graphite-epoxy composite for electrochemical immunosensing. Journal of Immunological Methods, 286(1-2), 35-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jim.2003.11.014