Removal of phenolic compounds from oil refinery wastewater by electrocoagulation and Fenton/photo-Fenton processes

E. Hernández-Francisco, José Peral, L. M. Blanco-Jerez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 A coupling between electrocoagulation (EC) and the Fenton and photo-Fenton processes was used to treat oil refining industry wastewaters that contained phenolic compounds. The effect of several experimental parameters of the EC treatment, such as current density (j), treatment time (t), and orientation and configuration of the electrodes was studied. In addition, treatment time and concentration of Fe2+ and H2O2 in the Fenton and photo-Fenton processes were varied to detect possible changes on the coupling capabilities. The EC treatment removed 51% of total phenols content and 42% of total organic carbon (TOC) content by applying 40 mA cm−2 during 20 min with electrodes horizontally positioned. The Fenton process application to the previously electrocoagulated water provided total phenols removal beyond the detection limit (0.01 mg L−1) and 57.6% of TOC removal by using a 1:66 Fe2+/H2O2 molar ratio. The application of the photo-Fenton process to the electrocoagulated water provided a TOC removal of 88%; the remaining TOC is associated to the presence of biodegradable short chain carboxylic acids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-100
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Advanced oxidation processes
  • Electrocoagulation
  • Oil pollutants
  • Wastewater removal

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