Removal of organic contaminants in paper pulp effluents by AOPs: An economic study

Montserrat Pérez, Francesc Torrades, Xavier Domènech, José Peral

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The degradation of the organic content of a bleaching Kraft mill effluent was carried out using Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). The study was focused on the identification of the AOP, or combination of AOPs, that showed the highest efficiency together with the lowest cost. Direct UV photolysis (UV), TiO2assisted-photocatalysis (TiO2/UV), Fenton, Fenton-like, and photo-Fenton reactions (Fe(II)/H2O/UV), UV-assisted ozonation (O3/UV) and addition of Fe2+and/or H2O2to the TiO2/UV and the O3/UV systems, were used for the degradation of a conventional cellulose bleaching effluent. The effluent was characterized by the general parameters TOC, COD and color, and analyzed for chlorinated low molecular weight compounds using GC-MS. The costs of the systems per unit of TOC reduction were compared. Fenton, Fenton-like and photo-Fenton reactions achieved better levels of TOC degradation than photocatalysis and with lower cost's than photocatalytic treatments. Ozonation is an effective but rather expensive process. The use of UVA light, however, increased the effectiveness of ozonation with a significant decrease (>25%) in the operational cost. © 2002 Society of Chemical Industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-532
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


  • Cellulose bleaching effluent
  • Chlorinated phenols
  • Fenton reaction
  • Ozonation
  • Photocatalysis


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