© 2009, Springer Science+Business Media B.V. This paper explores the theoretical and methodological backgrounds that sustain the current knowledge of early East African technologies. The typological approach dominated lithic studies along the 1960s and 1970s and was later on replaced by processual tendencies, whose paradigms still prevail nowadays. Nonetheless, the present scene in Plio-Pleistocene archaeology is not monolithic, and the theoretical-methodological background of the academic school to which each researcher belongs, has influenced our understanding and interpretations of the technological abilities by early humans. In this article similarities and differences between schools of thought are discussed, and the collections from Olduvai are used as a case study for reflecting on the variety of theoretical and methodological approaches and their relevance for reconstructing early African technologies.
|Title of host publication||Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|
- Early technologies
- East Africa
- Theoretical approaches