Reliability, validity, and classification accuracy of a spanish translation of a measure of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for pathological gambling

S. Jiménez-Murcia, R. Stinchfield, E. Álvarez-Moya, N. Jaurrieta, B. Bueno, R. Granero, M. N. Aymamí, M. Gómez-Peña, R. Martínez-Giménez, F. Fernández-Aranda, J. Vallejo

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure the reliability, validity, and classification accuracy of a Spanish translation of a measure of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for Pathological Gambling (PG). Participants were 263 male and 23 female patients seeking treatment for PG and a matched non-psychiatric control sample of 259 men and 24 women. A Spanish translation of a 19-item measure of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for PG (Stinchfield 2003) was administered along with other validity measures. The DSM-IV diagnostic criteria were found to be internally consistent with a coefficient alpha of .95 in the combined sample. Evidence of satisfactory convergent validity included moderate to high correlations with other measures of problem gambling. Using the standard DSM-IV cut-score of five, the ten criteria were found to yield satisfactory classification accuracy results with a high hit rate (.95), high sensitivity (.92), high specificity (.99), low false positive (.01), and low false negative rate (.08). Lowering the cut score to four resulted in modest improvements in classification accuracy and reduced the false negative rate from .08 to .05. The Spanish translation of a measure of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for PG demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties and a cut score of four improved diagnostic precision. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-104
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Classification accuracy
  • DSM-IV diagnostic criteria
  • Pathological gambling
  • Reliability
  • Validity

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