Relevance of the Basophil High-Affinity IgE Receptor in Chronic Urticaria: Clinical Experience from a Tertiary Care Institution

Gustavo Deza, Alvaro March-Rodríguez, Silvia Sánchez, Clara Ribas-Llauradó, Dulce Soto, Ramon M. Pujol, Ramon Gimeno, Ana M. Giménez-Arnau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Background: The high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) expression on effector cells has been poorly characterized in patients with chronic urticaria (CU) to date. Objectives: To investigate the FcεRI expression on blood basophils in a large cohort of patients with CU and its potential relationship with relevant features of the disease. Methods: Basophil FcεRI expression was measured by flow cytometry in 287 patients with CU (192 with chronic spontaneous urticaria and 95 with chronic inducible urticaria) at their initial evaluation in our department. A control group of healthy nonatopic individuals was included to provide reference data, and the effect of antihistamine and anti-IgE therapy on the basophil FcεRI expression was also evaluated in a cohort of patients with CU. Results: The median FcεRI expression was found significantly higher in patients with CU compared with healthy controls (P < .0001). A positive correlation was found between serum IgE levels and basophil FcεRI expression (R = 0.422; P < .001). Significantly higher FcεRI levels on basophils were detected in patients with CU who presented with concomitant atopic features (P = .003), negative autologous serum skin test (P = .002), negative autologous plasma skin test (P = .009), or undetected levels of antithyroid antibodies (P = 0.01). Baseline FcεRI expression was not related to the activity and duration of the disease, and was not significantly modified during antihistamine therapy; however, it correlated with the clinical response to omalizumab (P = .003). Conclusions: Although further multicenter studies are needed to corroborate these findings, the assessment of basophil FcεRI levels might be relevant in daily clinical practice supporting an autoimmune pathogenesis and predicting response to anti-IgE treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1619-1626.e1
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Basophil
  • Chronic urticaria
  • FcεRI
  • FcεRI expression
  • IgE receptor
  • Omalizumab

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