© 2019 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Background: The high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) expression on effector cells has been poorly characterized in patients with chronic urticaria (CU) to date. Objectives: To investigate the FcεRI expression on blood basophils in a large cohort of patients with CU and its potential relationship with relevant features of the disease. Methods: Basophil FcεRI expression was measured by flow cytometry in 287 patients with CU (192 with chronic spontaneous urticaria and 95 with chronic inducible urticaria) at their initial evaluation in our department. A control group of healthy nonatopic individuals was included to provide reference data, and the effect of antihistamine and anti-IgE therapy on the basophil FcεRI expression was also evaluated in a cohort of patients with CU. Results: The median FcεRI expression was found significantly higher in patients with CU compared with healthy controls (P < .0001). A positive correlation was found between serum IgE levels and basophil FcεRI expression (R = 0.422; P < .001). Significantly higher FcεRI levels on basophils were detected in patients with CU who presented with concomitant atopic features (P = .003), negative autologous serum skin test (P = .002), negative autologous plasma skin test (P = .009), or undetected levels of antithyroid antibodies (P = 0.01). Baseline FcεRI expression was not related to the activity and duration of the disease, and was not significantly modified during antihistamine therapy; however, it correlated with the clinical response to omalizumab (P = .003). Conclusions: Although further multicenter studies are needed to corroborate these findings, the assessment of basophil FcεRI levels might be relevant in daily clinical practice supporting an autoimmune pathogenesis and predicting response to anti-IgE treatment.
|Journal||Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2019|
- Chronic urticaria
- FcεRI expression
- IgE receptor