Relationships between the potential production of the greenhouse gases CO<inf>2</inf>, CH<inf>4</inf> and N<inf>2</inf>O and soil concentrations of C, N and P across 26 paddy fields in southeastern China

Weiqi Wang, Jordi Sardans, Chun Wang, Congsheng Zeng, Chuan Tong, Dolores Asensio, Josep Peñuelas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2017 Paddy fields are a major global anthropogenic source of greenhouse gases. China has the second largest area under rice cultivation, so determining the relationships between the emission of greenhouse gases and soil carbon content, nutrient availabilities and concentrations and physical properties is crucial for minimizing the climatic impacts of rice agriculture. We examined soil nutrients and other properties, greenhouse-gas production and their relationships in 26 paddy fields throughout the province of Fujian in China, one of the most important provinces for rice production. High P and K concentrations, contents and availabilities were correlated with low rates of CO2 production, whereas high C and N contents were correlated with high rates of CH4 production. Mean annual precipitation (MAP) and rates of gas production were not clearly correlated, at least partly due to the management of flooding that can mask the effect of precipitation. Higher mean annual temperatures and soil Fe contents favored the production of N2O. C, N, P and K concentrations and their ratios, especially the C:K and N:K ratios, and P availability were correlated with CO2 and CH4 production across the province, with higher C:K and N:K ratios correlated positively with increased CO2 production and available P correlated negatively with CH4 production. A management strategy to avoid excessive C accumulation in the soil and to increase P availability and decrease available Fe contents would likely decrease the production of greenhouse gases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)458-467
    JournalAtmospheric Environment
    Volume164
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

    Keywords

    • CH flux 4
    • Diurnal variation
    • Elemental stoichiometry
    • Greenhouse gases
    • N O flux 2
    • Nitrogen
    • Paddy field
    • Phosphorus
    • Seasonal variation
    • Soil nutrients
    • Warming

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