Reflective practice in times of COVID‐19: A tool to improve education for sustainable development in pre‐service teacher training

M. Teresa Fuertes‐Camacho*, Carles Dulsat‐ortiz, Isabel Álvarez‐cánovas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Crisis situations such as the current Covid‐19 pandemic are a catalyst for change. This study stresses the need to work towards achieving quality education, and to prepare future teachers in sustainability competencies. The research questions are related to the key competencies necessary to accelerate change and to how to increase awareness and literacy of the SDGs in higher education. A quantitative methodology aimed at improving the training of future teachers who engage in reflective and critical thinking was used. Data were gathered on the level of reflection of students from three Spanish universities. The instrument used, the Reflective Practice Questionnaire, includes concepts defined in the literature related to reflective capacity such as Reflection in Action, Reflection on Action and Reflection with Others. The results of the study provide quantitative data showing a positive impact of reflective practice on future teachers. Education for sustainable development requires participatory methods that motivate and empower students to change their behaviour. Reflective practice must be accompanied by processes of communication and supervision that encourage confidence and the desire to improve. Training future teachers in reflective practice should be a differentiating element to achieve quality education, allowing adaptation to current and future adverse situations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6261
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
Issue number11
Early online date10 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2021


  • Covid‐19
  • Critical and reflective thinking
  • Education for sustainable development (ESD)
  • Pre‐service teacher training
  • Quality education (SDG 4)
  • Reflective practice questionnaire (RPQ)
  • Self‐awareness
  • Sustainable competencies
  • Sustainable development goals (SDGs)


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