Reflective practice in times of Covid-19: a tool to improve education for sustainable development in pre-service teacher training

Maria Teresa Fuertes*, Carles Dulsat, Isabel Alvarez Canovas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Crisis situations such as the current Covid-19 pandemic are a catalyst for change. This 11
study stresses the need to work towards achieving quality education, and to prepare future teachers 12
in sustainability competencies. A quantitative methodology aimed at improving the training of 13
future teachers who engage in reflective and critical thinking was used. Data were gathered on the 14
level of reflection of students from three Spanish universities. The instrument used, the Reflective 15
Practice Questionnaire, includes concepts defined in the literature related to reflective capacity such 16
as Reflection in Action, Reflection on Action, and Reflection with Others. The results of the study 17
provide quantitative data showing a positive impact of reflective practice on future teachers. 18
Education for sustainable development requires participatory methods that motivate and empower 19
students to change their behaviour, and promotes the acquisition of competencies like critical and 20
reflective thinking, and managing uncertainty in a given context. Reflective practice must be 21
accompanied by processes of communication and supervision that encourage confidence and the 22
desire to improve. If the students’ reflective capacity increases, they manage uncertainty better, and 23
training future teachers in reflective practice should be a differentiating element to achieve quality 24
education, allowing adaptation to current and future adverse situations
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Number of pages19
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number6261
Early online date10 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2021


  • COVID-19
  • Quality Education
  • reflective practice
  • Education for sustainable development


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