The aim of this paper is to quantify the impact of the reduction on social security contributions (SSCs) of employers recently claimed by the Spanish enterprisers' organizations on the main macroeconomic variables. The effects of this tax reform are evaluated with a Computable General Equilibrium model with the neoclassical closure rule. The model is calibrated with a Social Accounting Matrix for the year 2000 (SAMES-00) elaborated by the authors. Results show that lower SSCs of employers raise employment, households' welfare and real gross domestic product (GDP) but also increase the public deficit. These positive effects remain when the reduction is compensated with personal income taxes to keep the public deficit/GDP ratio constant and also when the compensating variable is value-added tax (VAT). Unlike in previous studies, the most positive effects are obtained when the lower public revenues are compensated via lower coverage of unemployment benefits. © 2014 The International Input-Output Association.
- Computable general equilibrium models
- Labor fraud
- Social security contributions