Recycling Rare Metals

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    7 Citations (Scopus)


    © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. The industrial system now utilizes many more elements, especially rare metals, than was the case even a half century ago. Most are not mined for themselves but are obtained as by-products or "hitchhikers" of the more familiar industrial metals, such as iron, aluminum, copper, nickel, and zinc. This imposes a limit on the production of by-product metals. But in some cases, demand may increase much faster than new supply. This suggests a need for recycling. But the uses of these metals are often in products, such as cell phones, that are mass-produced but where the amount in each individual product is very small. Some uses are also inherently dissipative. This makes recycling very difficult in principle. It constitutes a serious challenge for the future economy. Prices will rise.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Recycling: State-of-the-art for Practitioners, Analysts, and Scientists
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2014


    • Electronics
    • Europium
    • Gallium
    • Indium
    • Rare metals
    • Recovery
    • Recycling


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