Reassignment of Drosophila willistoni genome scaffolds to chromosome II arms

Carolina Garcia, Alejandra Delprat, Alfredo Ruiz, Vera L.S. Valente

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3 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Garcia et al. Drosophila willistoni is a geographically widespread Neotropical species. The genome of strain Gd-H4-1 from Guadeloupe Island (Caribbean) was sequenced in 2007 as part of the 12 Drosophila Genomes Project. The assembled scaffolds were joined based on conserved linkage and assigned to polytene chromosomes based on a handful of genetic and physical markers. This paucity of markers was particularly striking in the metacentric chromosome II, comprised two similarly sized arms, IIL and IIR, traditionally considered homologous to Muller elements C and B, respectively. In this paper we present the cytological mapping of 22 new gene markers to increase the number of markers mapped by in situ hybridization and to test the assignment of scaffolds to the polytene chromosome II arms. For this purpose, we generated, by polymerase chain reaction amplification, one or two gene probes from each scaffold assigned to the chromosome II arms and mapped these probes to the Gd-H4-1 strain's polytene chromosomes by nonfluorescent in situ hybridization. Our findings show that chromosome arms IIL and IIR correspond to Muller elements B and C, respectively, directly contrasting the current homology assignments in D. willistoni and constituting a major reassignment of the scaffolds to chromosome II arms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2559-2566
JournalG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Drosophila willistoni
  • In situ hybridization
  • Muller elements
  • Physical markers
  • Polytene chromosome II


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