Reactivity of Pure Candida rugosa Lipase Isoenzymes (Lip1, Lip2, and Lip3) in Aqueous and Organic Media. Influence of the Isoenzymatic Profile on the Lipase Performance in Organic Media

Neus López, María A. Pernas, Lorenzo M. Pastrana, Antoni Sánchez, Francisco Valero, María L. Rúa

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    Abstract

    Three pure isoenzymes from Candida rugosa lipase (CRL: Lip1, Lip2, and Lip3) were compared in terms of their stability and reactivity in both aqueous and organic media. The combined effect of temperature and pH on their stability was studied applying a factorial design. The analysis of the response surfaces indicated that Lip1 and Lip3 have a similar stability, lower than that of Lip2. In aqueous media, Lip3 was the most active enzyme on the hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl esters, whereas Lip1 showed the highest activity on the hydrolysis of most assayed triacylglycerides. The highest differences among isoenzymes were found in the hydrolysis of triacylglycerides. Thus, a short, medium, and long acyl chain triacylglyceride was the preferred substrate for Lip3, Lip1, and Lip2, respectively. In organic medium, Lip3 and Lip1 provided excellent results in terms of enantioselectivity in the resolution of ibuprofen (EF value over 0.90) and conversion, whereas initial esterification rate was higher for Lip3. However, the use of Lip2 resulted in lower values of conversion, enantiomeric excess, and enantioselectivity. In the case of trans-2-phenyl-1-cyclohexanol (TPCH) resolution, initial esterification rates were high except for Lip3, which also produced poor results in conversion and enantiomeric excess. The performance of the pure isoenzymes in the enantioselectivity esterification of these substrates was compared with different CRL crude preparations with known isoenzymatic content and the different results could not be explained by their isoenzymatic profile. Therefore, it can be concluded that other factors can also affect the catalysis of CRL and only the reproducibility between powders can ensure the reproducibility in synthesis reactions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)65-73
    JournalBiotechnology Progress
    Volume20
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

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