Introduction: Animal models used to study hyperammonaemic disorders related to chronic liver disease are unsatisfactory. These animals only develop hyperammonaemia and brain oedema when fed with diets supplemented with amonium acetate. Aim: To develop a novel experimental model of hyperammonaemia and brain oedema in CCl4-induced cirrhosis in rats. Methods: Four groups were studied: rats with sham intervention (S), rats with total portal vein ligation (TPVL), cirrhotic rats (LC), and cirrhotic rats with TPVL (LC+TPVL). When ascites was diagnosed, oral glutamine challenge (OGC) test was performed. Blood, liver, lungs and brain samples were collected to quantify liver function parameters, plasmatic and cerebral ammonia, endotoxaemia, liver and brain histology, brain oedema and portosystemic shunting degree. Results: LC+TPVL rats showed a significant increase in portosystemic shunting when compared with LC group and a significant derangement in liver function when compared with TPVL group. These alterations resulted in a significant increase in plasmatic and brain ammonia concentrations and a higher plasmatic endotoxaemia as compared with others. Similarly, the area under OGC curve was significantly increased in LC+TPVL group as compared with the others, and correlates with portal shunting. Low-grade brain oedema was only observed in LC+TPVL group. All cirrhotic groups showed liver regeneration nodules and type-II Alzheimer astrocytes. Conclusion: LC+TPVL reproduce the main alterations - portosystemic shunting, plasmatic and cerebral hyperammonaemia and low-grade brain oedema - observed in cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2010|
- CCl -induced cirrhosis 4
- Hepatic encephalopathy
- Portal vein ligation