Rarity of JC virus DNA sequences and early proteins in human gliomas and medulloblastomas: The controversial role of JC virus in human neurooncogenesis

A. M. Muñoz-Mármol, G. Mola, T. Ruiz-Larroya, A. Fernández-Vasalo, E. Vela, J. L. Mate, A. Ariza

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

JC virus (JCV), the agent of progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML), exerts an oncogenic effect in several laboratory animal models. Moreover, JCV genomic DNA and early viral protein T-antigen have been detected in various types of human central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms. To further explore this association we have studied paraffin-embedded brain biopsy tissue from 60 neoplasms (55 gliomas and five medulloblastomas) and 15 reactive gliosis cases for the presence of JCV DNA sequences and proteins. Four post mortem cases of HIV-associated PML were used as positive controls. Samples were assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of early (large T antigen) and late (virion protein 3) sequences and immunohistochemistry (IHC) with both PAb 2024 and anti-SV40 large T antigen monoclonal antibodies. Five cases (three neoplasms and two reactive gliosis instances) showed low viral DNA levels when PCR-tested for VP3 or large T, while no case was immunoreactive for any of the two antibodies used. The four PML cases yielded positive results with both PCR and IHC. Additionally, IHC with both antibodies was applied to a tissue micro-array including 109 CNS tumours and 21 reactive gliosis samples. No immunoreactivity was detected in any of these tissue micro-array samples. The rarity of JCV DNA sequences and early proteins in our brain tumours enriches the controversy over the role of JCV in human neurooncogenesis, whose clarification is in need of further molecular and epidemiologic studies. © 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-140
JournalNeuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • JC virus
  • Large T antigen
  • Neoplasm

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