Rapid drink challenge test for the clinical evaluation of patients with Achalasia

Ingrid Marin, Noemi Caballero, Carlos Guarner-Argente, Jordi Serra

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Background: Patients with achalasia develop a well-defined obstructive pattern of pressure in response to a rapid drink challenge test (RDC). Our aim was to determine if successful treatment of achalasia can revert the obstructive pattern of pressure in response to the RDC, and if this simple test could be useful in the follow-up of patients with achalasia. Methods: In 26 healthy controls and 103 patients with achalasia, pressure responses to a RDC were prospectively analysed using high resolution esophageal manometry in two consecutive protocols: (a) Development study: one RDC was performed in 20 healthy controls, 63 patients with nontreated achalasia, and 21 patients with previously treated achalasia; (b) Validation study: two RDC were performed before, and 8-12 weeks after treatment, in 19 patients with nontreated, newly diagnosed achalasia. Key Results: In the development study no healthy control, 19% of patients with previously treated achalasia and 96% of patients with nontreated achalasia developed an obstructive pressure pattern during the RDC (P < 0.001). In the validation study, 100% of patients had an obstructive pressure pattern before treatment, that reverted to a nonobstructive pattern in 89% of patients after treatment (P < 0.001). The obstructive pressure pattern during the RDC correlated with clinical symptoms (Eckardt score > 3; P < 0.001), and with the height of the water column retained after the RDC, as assessed by impedance (P = 0.015). Conclusions & Inferences: The RDC may objectively assess treatment outcome in patients with achalasia, and can be recommended in the evaluation of achalasia.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere13438
    JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
    Volume30
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

    Keywords

    • achalasia
    • high resolution esophageal manometry
    • multiple water swallow
    • rapid drink challenge test

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