The effect of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) and S-2-aminoethyl-isothiouronicadenosin-5-triphosphate (adeturon) in the induction of Escherichia coli SOS response promoted by γ-irradiation was studied by measuring the induction of sulA gene and the induction of lambda prophage. Furthermore, as a way of measure the exonuclease activity in γ-irradiated cells in the presence or absence of both compounds, the DNA degradation was determined. Adeturon did not affected DNA degradation, but inhibited the induction of the SOS functions studied. On the contrary, DDC inhibited DNA degradation as well as the induction of the sulA gene, but enhanced lambda induction in E. coli lysogenic strains. These results indicate that both compounds diminish the DNA damage produced by γ-irradiation and also suggest that the mechanisms of radioprotection must be different. Thus, radioprotection mediated by DDC should involve free hydroxyl radical scavenging and a minor activity of exonuclease. The enhancement of phage induction in E. coli cells that DDC produces could be attributed to its quelant effect and this would not be not probably directly related to radioprotection. Adeturon, as thiols, may serve also as scavenging agent of free hydroxyl radicals, diminishing indirectly the DNA damage level. In addition, adeturon must interact with DNA in the same form that other aminothiol compounds do it. This interaction, mediated by amino groups of adeturon, may serve to concentrate these compounds near of the DNA damage site, increasing the potential for the thiol portion of the molecule to donate hydrogen, decreasing the damage level on DNA molecule. However, adeturon do not modify the exonuclease activity. Some topic about the possible clinical application of both compounds are discussed. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Dec 1998|
- Escherichia coli
- SOS response