Radiation effects analysis in a group of interventional radiologists using biological and physical dosimetry methods

M. Ramos, A. Montoro, M. Almonacid, S. Ferrer, J. F. Barquinero, R. Tortosa, G. Verdü, P. Rodríguez, L. L. Barrios, J. I. Villaescusa

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interventional radiologists and staff members are frequently exposed to protracted and fractionated low doses of ionizing radiation, which extend during all their professional activities. These exposures can derive, due to the effects of direct and scattered radiation, in deterministic effects (radiodermitis, aged skin, cataracts, telangiectasia in nasal region, vasocellular epitelioms, hands depilation) and/or stochastic ones (cancer incidence). Amethodology has been proposed for estimating the radiation risk or detriment froma group of six exposed interventional radiologists of the HospitalUniversitario La Fe (Valencia, Spain), which had developed general exposition symptoms attributable to deterministic effects of ionizing radiation. Equivalent doses have been periodically registered using TLD's and wrist dosimeters, Hp(10) and Hp(0.07), respectively, and estimated through the observation of translocations in lymphocytes of peripheral blood (biologicalmethods), by extrapolating the yield of translocations to their respective dose-effect curves. The software RADRISK has been applied for estimating radiation risks in these occupational radiation exposures. This software is based on transport models from epidemiological studies of population exposed to external sources of ionizing radiation, such as Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bomb survivors [UNSCEAR, Sources and effects of ionizing radiation: 2006 report to the general assembly, with scientific annexes. New York: United Nations; 2006]. The minimum and maximum average excess ratio for skin cancer has been, using wrist physical doses, of [1.03 × 10-3, 5.06 × 10-2], concluding that there is not an increased risk of skin cancer incidence. The minimum and maximum average excess ratio for leukemia has been, using TLD physical doses, of [7.84 × 10-2, 3.36 × 10-1], and using biological doses, of [1.40 × 10-1, 1.51], which is considerably higher than incidence rates, showing an excess radio-induced risk of leukemia in the group under study. Finally, the maximum radiological detriment in the group, evaluated as the total number of radio-induced cancers using physical dosimetry, has been of 2.18/1000 person-year (skin and leukemia), and using biological dosimetry of 9.20/1000 PY (leukemia). As a conclusion, this study has provided an assessment of the non-deterministic effects (rate of radio-induced cancer incidence) attributable to the group under study due to their professional activity. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-264
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Biological dosimetry
  • Interventional radiology
  • Radiation protection
  • Radiation risk

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