Radiation dose estimation with time-since-exposure uncertainty using the γ -H2AX biomarker

Dorota Młynarczyk*, Pedro Puig, Carmen Armero, Virgilio Gómez-Rubio, Joan F. Barquinero, Mònica Pujol-Canadell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To predict the health effects of accidental or therapeutic radiation exposure, one must estimate the radiation dose that person received. A well-known ionising radiation biomarker, phosphorylated γ-H2AX protein, is used to evaluate cell damage and is thus suitable for the dose estimation process. In this paper, we present new Bayesian methods that, in contrast to approaches where estimation is carried out at predetermined post-irradiation times, allow for uncertainty regarding the time since radiation exposure and, as a result, produce more precise results. We also use the Laplace approximation method, which drastically cuts down on the time needed to get results. Real data are used to illustrate the methods, and analyses indicate that the models might be a practical choice for the γ-H2AX biomarker dose estimation process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19877
Number of pages8
JournalSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Bayes Theorem
  • Biomarkers
  • Humans
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation Exposure
  • Uncertainty

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