Racial intermarriage in the Americas

Edward Telles, Albert Esteve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

4 Citations (Scopus)


© 2019 The Author(s). We compare intermarriage in Brazil, Cuba, and the United States among the black, white, and mixed-race population using log-linear models with data from newly available anonymized and harmonized individual census microdata for the 2000 round of censuses. We find that black-white intermarriage is 105 times as likely in Brazil and 28 times as likely in Cuba compared to the United States; that Brazilian mulatos are four times as likely to marry whites than blacks, but Cuban mulatos are equally likely to marry whites and blacks; and negative educational gradients for black-white intermarriage for Cuba and Brazil but nonexistent or positive gradients in the United States. We propose a theory of intergenerational mixture and intermarriage and discuss implications for the role of preferences versus structure, universalism and education, and mulato escape-hatch theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-320
JournalSociological Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Brazil
  • Cuba
  • Intermarriage
  • Mulato escape hatch


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