Quantum spin models with mesoscopic Bose-Einstein condensates

A. Gallemí, G. Queraltó, M. Guilleumas, R. Mayol, A. Sanpera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 American Physical Society. Ultracold gases in the strongly correlated regime have been proven to simulate quantum magnetic models under certain conditions: the mapping of the double-well system onto the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick spin model is a paradigmatic case. A suitable definition of the length in the Hilbert space of the system leads to the concept of a correlation length, whose divergence is a characteristic property of continuous quantum phase transitions. We calculate the finite-size scaling of some observables like the magnetization or the population imbalance, as well as of the Schmidt gap, obtaining in this way the critical exponents associated with such transitions. The systematic definition of the Schmidt gap in extended Hamiltonians provides a good tool to analyze the set of critical exponents associated with transitions in systems formed by a larger number of traps. This demonstrates, thus, the potential use of mesoscopic Bose-Einstein condensates as quantum simulators of condensed matter systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063626
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2016

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