Quantum sensing using imbalanced counter-rotating Bose-Einstein condensate modes

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Abstract

© 2018 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. A quantum device for measuring two-body interactions, scalar magnetic fields and rotations is proposed using a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a ring trap. We consider an imbalanced superposition of orbital angular momentum modes with opposite winding numbers for which a rotating minimal atomic density line appears. We derive an analytical model relating the angular frequency of the minimal density line rotation to the strength of the nonlinear atom-atom interactions and the difference between the populations of the counter-propagating modes. Additionally, we propose a full experimental protocol based on direct fluorescence imaging of the BEC that allows to measure all the quantities involved in the analytical model and use the system for sensing purposes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103001
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Bose-Einstein condensates
  • orbital angular momentum
  • quantum sensing

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