We study the performance of initial product states of n -body systems in generalized quantum metrology protocols that involve estimating an unknown coupling constant in a nonlinear k -body (kân) Hamiltonian. We obtain the theoretical lower bound on the uncertainty in the estimate of the parameter. For arbitrary initial states, the lower bound scales as 1/ nk, and for initial product states, it scales as 1/ nka 1/2. We show that the latter scaling can be achieved using simple, separable measurements. We analyze in detail the case of a quadratic Hamiltonian (k=2), implementable with Bose-Einstein condensates. We formulate a simple model, based on the evolution of angular-momentum coherent states, which explains the O (na 3/2) scaling for k=2; the model shows that the entanglement generated by the quadratic Hamiltonian does not play a role in the enhanced sensitivity scaling. We show that phase decoherence does not affect the O (na 3/2) sensitivity scaling for initial product states. © 2008 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2008|