Quantitative assessment of infusion pump-mediated haemolysis in feline packed red blood cell transfusions

Carles Blasi-Brugué*, Ignacio M. Sanchez, Rui R.F. Ferreira, Augusto J.F. de Matos, Rafael Ruiz de Gopegui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: Haemolysis caused by the use of peristaltic infusion pumps (PIPs) has been described in human and canine packed red blood cells (pRBCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different linear PIPs on the haemolysis of feline pRBC units stored for a long time. Methods: Feline pRBC units stored with adenine, dextrose, mannitol and sodium chloride (SAGM) were manufactured. After 35–42 days of storage at 2–4°C, a line administration system with a 180 µm filter was attached to every pRBC bag, the system was drained by gravity alone (8 drops/min) and a 1.3 ml sample was collected (G). A NIKI V4 pump was then used at a flow rate of 25 ml/h, the flow was stopped when the infusion system was filled with blood coming from the infusion pump and another 1.3 ml sample was collected (NK). Finally, an Infusomat FmS pump was evaluated, collecting another 1.3 ml sample (IM). Packed cell volume (PCV) was measured in all samples by microhaematocrit centrifugation, total haemoglobin (HGB) was measured using a specific haemoglobin analyser and, after centrifugation, free HGB was determined by spectrophotometry. The percentage of haemolysis was calculated. Friedman’s test was used to compare the samples. Results: Fifteen feline pRBC units were evaluated. The average degree of haemolysis for sample G (gravity-assisted) was 1.12%. Comparison of the degree of gravity-assisted haemolysis with haemolysis in PIP NK (1.13%) and IM (1.14%) samples revealed no significant differences, with differences of only 0.01% and 0.02%, respectively. Conclusions and relevance: The results of this study demonstrate that the use of two common PIPs in veterinary hospitals does not produce levels of haemolysis that are significantly different than that caused by gravity alone during transfusion of feline pRBCs at a rate of 25 ml/h.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Publication statusAccepted in press - 2021


  • blood
  • haemolysis
  • infusion pump
  • Infusomat FmS
  • NIKI V4
  • pRBC
  • Transfusion


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative assessment of infusion pump-mediated haemolysis in feline packed red blood cell transfusions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this