Sixteen colonic tumours and 10 normal mucosa biopsies have been examined by 1 H NMR spectroscopy at 9.4 T. A complete characterization and quantification of the aliphatic region of PCA extract spectra and the analysis of the two-dimensional COSY spectra of five pairs of intact biopsies (tumor and control mucosa) has been carried out. The analysis of the PCA extracts demonstrated a significant increase in the concentration of the endogenous compounds: lactate, glutamate, aspartate, taurine, spermine, glutathione and glycerophosphoethanolamine, and a significant decrease of myo- and scyllo-inositol, in tumours with respect to mucosae. Among these metabolites, the high myo-inositol and taurine levels and the reciprocal changes found between them in tumours and mucosae make their resonances interesting as possible malignancy markers if they are detectable vivo. In contrast to the easy observation of taurine in one-dimensional spectra of intact biopsies, the difficulty of observing myo-inositol prompted us to use two-dimensional COSY spectra for the detection and quantification of both these metabolites. In the two-dimensional spectra, the use of a ratio between the cross-peak volumes of both metabolites permits an excellent differentiation between tumours and normal mocosa and suggests its potential to detect malignant changes in the healthy tissue, provided a two- dimensional approach is used.
|Journal||NMR in Biomedicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 1996|