Quantification of myocardial area at risk: Validation of coronary angiographic scores with cardiovascular magnetic resonance methods

Sergio Moral, José F. Rodríguez-Palomares, Martín Descalzo, Gerard Martí, Víctor Pineda, Imanol Otaegui, Bruno García Del Blanco, Artur Evangelista, David García-Dorado

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction and objectives: Quantification of myocardial area-at-risk after acute myocardial infarction has major clinical implications and can be determined by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation Myocardial Jeopardy Index (BARI) and Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) angiographic scores have been widely used for rapid myocardial area-at-risk estimation but have not been directly validated. Our objective was to compare the myocardial area-at-risk estimated by BARI and APPROACH angiographic scores with those determined by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Methods: In a prospective study, cardiovascular magnetic resonance was performed in 70 patients with a first successfully-reperfused ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction in the first week after percutaneous coronary intervention. Myocardial area-at-risk was obtained both by analysis of T2-short tau inversion recovery sequences and calculation of infarct endocardial surface area with late enhancement sequences. These results were compared with those of BARI and APPROACH scores. Results: BARI and APPROACH showed a statistically significant correlation with T2-short tau inversion recovery for myocardial area-at-risk estimation (BARI, intraclass correlation coefficient=0.72; P<.001; APPROACH, intraclass correlation coefficient=0.69; P<.001). Better correlations were observed for anterior acute myocardial infarction than for other locations (BARI, intraclass correlation coefficient=0.73 vs 0.63; APPROACH, intraclass correlation coefficient=0.68 vs 0.50). Infarct endocardial surface area showed a good correlation with both angiographic scores (BARI, intraclass correlation coefficient=0.72; P<.001; with APPROACH, intraclass correlation coefficient=0.70; P<.001). Conclusions: BARI and APPROACH angiographic scores allow reliable estimation of myocardial area-at-risk in current clinical practice, particularly in anterior infarctions. © 2012 Sociedad Española de Cardiolog?́a. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1010-1017
JournalRevista Espanola de Cardiologia
Volume65
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Angiographic scores
  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Myocardial area-at-risk

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