Quantification of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and its major metabolites in meconium by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric assay: Assay validation and preliminary results of the "meconium Project"

Emilia Marchei, Manuela Pellegrini, Roberta Pacifici, Ilaria Palmi, Jaime Lozano, Óscar García-Algar, Simona Pichini

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A rapid and simple procedure based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is described for determination of Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-hydroxy-Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-OH) and 11-nor-Δ- tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (THC-COOH) in meconium using Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-THC) and deuterated THC-COOH as internal standards. The biological matrix was subjected to liquid-liquid extraction after enzyme hydrolysis for conjugated analytes.Chromatography was performed on a fused silica capillary column and analytes were determined in the selected-ion-monitoring (SIM) mode. The method was validated in the range 20 to 500 μg/g using 1g of meconium per assay. The method was applied to the analysis of meconium in a cohort of newborns to assess eventual fetal exposure to cannabis. Within positive samples, THC-COOH and THC-OH (range: 33.7 to 182.1 and 20.7 to 493.3 μg/g, respectively) were both present in the majority of cases with only 1 specimen with THC-OH as the most abundant metabolite and 2 with THC only. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-706
JournalTherapeutic Drug Monitoring
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006

Keywords

  • 11-hydroxy- Δ -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-OH) 9
  • 11-nor-Δ - tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (THC-COOH) 9
  • GC-MS
  • Meconium
  • Δ -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) 9

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