Quality of life in cirrhosis is related to potentially treatable factors

Iñigo Les, Eduardo Doval, Montserrat Flavià, Carlos Jacas, Guillermo Cárdenas, Rafael Esteban, Jaime Guardia, Juan Córdoba

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103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Improvement of prognosis and availability of diverse therapeutic options for complications of advanced liver disease highlight the importance of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence HRQOL and may be potentially treatable in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: HRQOL was measured in 212 outpatients with cirrhosis using a generic questionnaire (Medical Outcomes Study Form, SF-36) and a liver-specific questionnaire (Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire, CLDQ). All patients underwent a systematic clinical and neuropsychological assessment. Independent factors associated with poor HRQOL were identified by multiple linear regression. Results: HRQOL scores exhibited by patients were: global CLDQ: 4.8±1.2; Physical Component Score of SF-36: 38.5±10.7; Mental Component Score of SF-36: 45.3±14.3. The independent variables for global CLDQ were female sex, nonalcoholic etiology, current ascites, and a decrease in albumin (R2=0.22). For Physical Component Score of SF-36, the independent variables were prior hepatic encephalopathy, current ascites, and a decrease in hemoglobin (R2=0.22). For Mental Component Score of SF-36, the independent variables were nonalcoholic etiology, the Grooved Pegboard test, and a decrease in hemoglobin (R2=0.14). Conclusion: Several clinical variables, potentially treatable, may alter particular aspects of HRQOL. Correction of ascites, hypoalbuminemia, minimal hepatic encephalopathy, and anemia may cause a positive impact on HRQOL of patients with cirrhosis. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Ascites
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Minimal hepatic encephalopathy
  • Treatable factors

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