Alternatives to the use of native vegetable oils (VO) as fish oil (FO) replacers in aqua feeds were evaluated. Acid oils are a free fatty acid (FFA)-rich by-product mainly from the refining of VO. Re-esterified oils are the final product of a chemical esterification reaction between acid oils and glycerol, and have less FFA and more mono- and diacylglycerols (MAG and DAG), known for being good emulsifiers, than crude VO. Therefore, they could have a higher nutritive value than that of the native and acid oils. In two earlier studies in rainbow trout (Trullàs et al., 2015, 2016), diets including acid and/or re-esterified VO resulted in total fatty acid apparent digestibility coefficients above 95%. Moreover, no negative effects on growth, plasma biochemical parameters and morphology of tissues were observed when compared to the native oil diet. For all these reasons, the present study aimed at assessing their effects on the final quality of fillets of rainbow trout. Triplicate groups of rainbow trout were fed eight experimental diets containing 15% of different types of experimental rapeseed oils in addition to 5% of FO during 72 days. The experimental rapeseed oils were native (RNO), acid (RAO), re-esterified (REO), or blends (66% RN-33% RAO/33% RN-66% RAO or 66% REO-33% RAO/33% REO-66% RAO). Commercial FO was used for the control diet (F). The colorimetric analysis resulted in significant differences only in b* and C* in both fresh and thawed fillets, as well as in significant correlations between the colorimetric parameters among diets. For the total fat content, fillets of fish fed the control diet obtained the highest values, which were higher than those of fish fed diets containing RNO and the blend 66% REO-33% RAO. No differences in texture, liquid holding capacity, and TBARS were found among fillets of fish fed the different diets. Regarding tocopherol concentrations in fillets, α-tocopherol was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in fillets of fish fed the control diet than in those fed RA/RE, while β + γ-tocopherol was significantly lower in fillets of fish fed C than in the rest. Even though the aforementioned differences were found, they did not seem to be relevant concerning the final quality of fillet.
- Acid oil
- Rainbow trout