Psychosocial aspects of the quality of life in pediatric survivors of tumors in the central nervous system

Marta Pérez-Campdepadrós, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Tomás Blasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

© 2018, Universidad Complutense de Madrid. All rights reserved. Introduction: Central Nervous System Tumor (CNST) survivors tend to show worse HRQoL than survivors of other types of cancer and general population. There are still many doubts about what variables and to what extend these are related to their HRQoL. Type and severity of late effects have not a clear impact on HRQoL. However, Intelligence Quotient (IQ) changes as a specific late effect of this sample population, could modulate their HRQL. Furthermore, coping from both patients and parents, as well as parental distress could play a significant role modulating HRQoL in these survivors. Aim: To study whether survivors’ coping strategies and IQ, as well as coping, general stress and cancer-related distress of parents could modulate some psychosocial dimensions of their children HRQoL. Methodology: Correlational descriptive cross-sectional study. Thirty-seven teenagers (12-19 years old, both included) ≥1 year free of disease and 44 parents were recruited for the study. Results: When HRQoL is assessed by adolescents, the dimensions Parent Relations and Home Life, Social Support and Peer, and School Environment are related with the use of coping with problem style by adolescents. Social Acceptance/Bullying dimension is related with nonproductive coping by the adolescent and helpseeking coping style by parents. HRQoL assessed by parents is related with late effects, adolescents’ IQ, and type of oncological treatment received. Discussion/Conclusion: Coping strategies, and specifically problem-solving strategies must be taken into account to assess and to intervene in the improvement of HRQoL of this sample population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-236
JournalPsicooncologia
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Central nervous system tumors
  • Coping
  • HRQoL
  • QI
  • Survivors

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