Psychometric Properties of the Spanish PID-5 in a Clinical and a Community Sample

Fernando Gutiérrez, Antón Aluja, Josep M. Peri, Natalia Calvo, Marc Ferrer, Eva Baillés, Jose Alfonso Gutiérrez-Zotes, Miguel Gárriz, Xavier Caseras, Kristian E. Markon, Robert F. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) measures the trait part (Criterion B) of the alternative model for personality disorders proposed in Section III of DSM-5. Although its psychometric properties have proven adequate thus far, evidence is limited in other languages and in clinical samples. The Spanish PID-5 was examined in two samples comprising 446 clinical and 1,036 community subjects. Facet scales showed good internal consistency in both samples (median α =.86 and.79) and were unidimensional under exploratory and confirmatory approaches. They were also able to distinguish between clinical and community subjects with a mean standardized difference of z = 0.81. All facets except for Risk Taking were unipolar, such that the upper poles indicated pathology and the lower poles reflected normality, rather than the opposite pole of abnormality. The entire PID-5 hierarchical structure, from one to five factors, was confirmed in both samples with Tucker’s congruence coefficients over.95.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-336
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • DSM-5
  • personality dimensions
  • personality disorders
  • PID-5
  • psychometric properties


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