Psychometric assessment of the Hallucinogen Rating Scale

Jordi Riba, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Rick J. Strassman, Manel J. Barbanoj

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Reliability and convergent-discriminant validity of a Spanish version of the Hallucinogen Rating Scale (HRS) were assessed in two differentiated populations of hallucinogen users involving the retrospective assessment of drug effects. In Study 1 (immediate assessment), 75 European users of the South American hallucinogenic drink ayahuasca answered the HRS 4 h after drug intake in their habitual setting. In Study 2 (delayed assessment), 56 adult polydrug users answered the HRS and a short form of the Addiction Research Center Inventory (ARCI) recalling the effects they experienced when they last took a hallucinogen, in order to test the convergent-discriminant validity of HRS with the scales of the standard questionnaire used in most studies involving psychoactive drugs. The HRS scales showed increases after both the immediate and delayed retrospective assessment of drug effects. Reliability data indicated that four of the six scales show an acceptable level of internal consistency. Significant but limited correlations were found between the Perception and Somaesthesia scales and the ARCI LSD scale, pointing out the questionnaire's construct validity. Thus, the HRS was sensitive to hallucinogenic drug effects other than those elicited by intravenous N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), for which it was originally designed, and showed reasonable reliability and convergent validity. Results suggest its usefulness in the evaluation of subjective effects elicited by psychoactive drugs with hallucinogenic properties, and constitute a preliminary approach to the effects of ayahuasca in European subjects. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1886
Pages (from-to)215-223
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001


  • Convergent analysis
  • Hallucinogen Rating Scale (HRS)
  • Immediate versus delayed retrospective assessment
  • Reliability
  • Subjective effects


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